Which kind of abortion you choose all depends on your personal preference and situation. However, if you are a kind of person that prefer not to have a procedure in a doctor’s office, medical abortion may suit your needs.
What is a medical abortion?
Medical abortion procedures are available for terminating a pregnancy during the early weeks of the first trimester. An oral preparation for medical abortion is commonly referred to as an abortion pill.
Why choose a medical abortion?
If your pregnancy is under 9 weeks’ gestation and you prefer not to undergo surgery, then a medical abortion is a good option. There are also various reasons women choose medical abortion over surgical abortion include: it requires no anaesthetic; the procedure is non-invasive; there is greater privacy than with a surgical abortion; as a non-surgical procedure, there are no surgical risks associated with medical abortion;
You are at home and can have the support of friends and/or family if you choose. Overall, it can feel ‘more natural’, as it is similar to having a heavy period or miscarriage.
Options for medical abortion
Medical abortion can be done using the following medications:
Oral mifepristone (Mifeprex) and oral misoprostol (Cytotec) : This is the most common type of medical abortion. Mifeprex is used in a regimen with another prescription medicine called misoprostol, to end an early pregnancy. Early pregnancy means it is 70 days (10 weeks) or less since your last menstrual period began. Mifeprex is not approved for ending pregnancies that are further along. Mifeprex blocks a hormone needed for your pregnancy to continue. When you use Mifeprex on Day 1, you also need to take another medicine called misoprostol 24 to 48 hours after you take Mifeprex, to cause the pregnancy to be passed from your uterus. Side effects may include these symptoms: Cramping, nausea, vomiting diarrhea, bleeding, infection. Contact your healthcare provider right away if you have heavy bleeding, abdominal pain or fever.
Oral mifepristone and vaginal, buccal or sublingual misoprostol.
This type of medical abortion uses the same medications as the previous method, but with a slowly dissolving misoprostol tablet placed in your vagina (vaginal route), in your mouth between your teeth and cheek (buccal route), or under your tongue (sublingual route).
Keep in mind
After a medical abortion, you’ll need a follow-up visit with your doctor to make sure you’re healing properly and to evaluate your uterine size, bleeding and any signs of infection. To reduce the risk of infection, don’t have vaginal intercourse or use tampons for two weeks after the abortion.