Birth control methods vary far and wide. There are many types of contraceptives available today to allow individuals to choose the type of birth control that best fits their lifestyle, health and budget.
Understanding types of birth control will definitely help you choose the most suitable contraceptive.
- Natural Birth Control Methods
Natural birth control (as known as Natural Family Planning – NFP) is a method of preventing pregnancy without the use of medications or physical devices. This practice limits (s. e xually) intercourse to naturally infertile periods; including portions of the menstrual cycle, during pregnancy, and after menopause. There are various types of NFP: breastfeeding, abstinence, withdrawal, fertility awareness methods and outercourse. The great advantages of these methods are that it costs almost nothing and has no side-effects.
- Over-the-counter (OTC) Birth Control Methods
Over-the-counter contraceptives are barrier methods that stop sperm from fertilizing an egg. These types of birth control can be bought without a doctor’s prescription. OTC birth control options are non-hormonal. This means that they don’t rely on the hormones estrogen or progestin to prevent pregnancy. Instead, these methods rely on other means such as male condoms, female condoms, spermicide, the sponge, and the morning-after-pill.
- Prescription Birth Control Methods
As opposed to OTC methods, prescription birth control methods require a female to visit a healthcare provider. On other words, these types of birth control can only be bought with a doctor’s prescription. These methods are fast, convenient, easy to use and most importantly, effective.
- Permanent Birth Control Methods
Permanent birth control is highly effective contraception that provides permanent prevention against pregnancy. It is irreversible, so it’s meant for women who have decided that they do not want to have any more children. There are options, for both women and men including tubal ligation or tubal implants for women, and vasectomy for men. Since it is permanent form of birth control, some women may regret their decision at a later date. So the key point here it is to really be sure about the decision, you should also have serious discussions with your significant other for unanimity.
- Emergency Birth Control Methods
Emergency contraception, or “the morning after pill,” helps prevent your ovary from releasing an egg. Emergency contraception can be used up to five days after unprotected (s.e.x). The longer you wait to take this, the higher your risk of pregnancy.
Depending on the brand you buy, this is 85 to 89 percent effective when used within three to five days of unprotected (s.e.x). Effectiveness decreases over time.