The word “shock” has a bunch of medically different meanings. First, when someone is on the verge of death, we need electrical shock to restart his heart. Second, shock is also used to define an extreme emotion. Last but not least, when the amount of oxygen and nutrients for your body, especially for vital organs is insufficient, it is also called a shock.
However, the shock we will look deep into is related to blood flow. And there are 4 types: hypovolemic, distributive, cardiogenic and obstructive.
Blood pressure decrease is said to be the most common symptom of all kinds of shock. If the shock is not treated quickly, it can easily become fatal
This type of shock apprears when your body lose an amout of fluid or blood to a certain point which may be due to bleeding or dehydration. And as a response, to make up for the fluid loss, your heart rate will increase, you will breath faster, eye-pupils will be delated, your skin go pale and you will sweat. If the cause is external bleeding, blood can be seen. For internal bleeding, the patient may have blood vomitting or blood diarrhea. Or, if the patient has just worked hard, dehydration should be taken into account. Hypovolemic Shock should be treated immediately otherwise the patient can become lethargic and soon unconcious.
This shock is when the arterries in your body lose its flexibility mainly due to anaphylaxis or sepsis. The symptoms of Distributive shock can be the symptoms of anaphylaxis or sepsis depending on the cause. In terms of anaphylaxis, itching, hives or skin rashes can be seen; face – tounge – throat swelling; Shortness of breath; Stomach pain,…. In terms of sepsis, symptoms can be decreased urination; low platelet, shortness of breath, unconciousness,…
Cargiogenic shock as its name is related to your heart. It happens when your heart is unable of pumping enough blood to every cell of the body. People can define a Cargiogenic shock when encountering these symptoms:
- Sudden slow pulse
- Pulse is weak and unfrequent
- Shortness of breath
- Cough (can be followed by sputum)
- Feet and ankles swelling
The least common type is usually caused by a tension pneumothorax or when something suddenly obstruct the blood vessels. The symptoms are: The blood pressure reducing quickly; Shortness of breath; Fast pulse; Breath sounding strange.