Anaphylaxis is a type of allergy which begins with sudden symptoms and then progress rapidly, possibly posing a threat to body system such as respiratory or cardiovascular system. It commonly derives from food, insect sting or medications. Symptoms of Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis has the same symptoms as that of allergic reactions including:
- Itchy skin, also known as pruritus, is an irritating and uncontrollable sensation that makes you want to scratch to relieve the feeling
- Red, raised, blotchy skin, were seen in almost all patients.
- Swelling or breathing difficultly.
There are some other symptoms recognized in many parts of the body:
- Skin: You may experience flushing and itching. Hives are raised, often itchy, red bumps (welts) on the surface of the skin that blanch (turn white) when you press on them. Angioedema can develop, which is swelling under the skin.
- Eyes: You may feel irritated, your eyes become itching, red, tearing, and the skin around eyes begins swelling
- Upper respiratory: your nose become runny or congested and sneezing. Your throat can be swelling, choking, or hoarse (an abnormal change in your voice).
- Oral: You may have tumid tongue, lips, or throat, or unnatural taste sensations.
- Lower respiratory: You can have shortness of breath, leading to wheezing, and chest tightness
- Circulatory: Your heartbeat rate may be unstable and low blood pressure, leading to dizzy, faint.
- Nervous system: You may lose the control and become anxious, have slurred speech, and may even feel a sense of impending doom- feeling of knowing that something life-threatening or tragic is about to occur.
- Digestive system: You may have trials with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain
Signs of Anaphylactic shock
Anaphylaxis turns to anaphylactic shock if a person have symptoms of hypotension:
- Losing the control and becoming anxious
- Being weaker
- Pale color
- Unconsciousness- the ability to maintain an awareness of self and environment is lost
Anaphylactic shock render patient breath difficultly. It does not mean that everybody suffering from that allergy have trouble with breathing. But that symptom may show the progression of allergic reaction to anaphylaxis. The signs are described below:
- Unable to speak clearly
- Sitting straight up or with hands on knees
- Gasping for breath involves separate, spaced intakes of air with the mouth open
- Pursing lips to breathe – breathe in slowly through your nose for two counts, keeping your mouth closed
- Taking the breath through neck muscle.
Look out the allergen exposure
People who used to suffer allergy need to realize any signs, even if the allergen exposure has been detected or not. It is more complicated to identify symptoms of an unknown allergen exposure than known one. For instance, the food-based allergies may trigger the anaphylactic reaction although when eating, people are not aware of the kind of food which they are sensitive to. Thus, to detect the signs easily, it is highly recommended that you should wear medical alert jewelry which facilitates to find the triggers of symptoms.
An anaphylactic reaction has a sudden onset, rapid progression with speed from 30 to 60 minutes before completely being addressed in the following hour, excepting strange patterns.
It was once thought that the possibility of Biphasic anaphylaxis occurring is small, however; there are nearly 20 percent of cases recorded to suffer from this allergy. The initial anaphylactic reaction is able to appear and handle before the reaction recurs. Thus, people can hospitalize for evaluation. Medical care could not be underestimated even when victims do not have acute signs such as shortness of breath because Biphasic reaction can threaten your life and bring adverse effects.
There are more pediatric cases having allergic reaction at the age 6 to 9 reported by a research in 2015. It was apparent that their condition was more serious because the amount of epinephrine for treatment is more than one dose. Moreover, it also reported that the treatment with epinephrine administered for them could not be accessed instantly and they were delivered to emergency department lately.
A prolonged anaphylaxis with unresolved symptoms is rarer than other types. It can last from several days to over a week.
If you are not given an in-time treatment, this reaction can be life-threatening. Moreover, people suffering from myocardial infarction or atrial fibrillation which occur in almost all patients aging over 50 are likely to take higher risk of dying during anaphylaxis.
Although many people appreciate the productivity of Epinephrine, but it can make imminent the harm of overdose and cardiovascular complications. Instead of using intravenous epinephrine, older patients should be encouraged to use intramuscular injections.
Call 911 and medical care
You should call 911 for instant medical support or immediately get the proper medicine from the first onset of allergy before it turns to be acute.
Instead of waiting for emergency care, you should know the first aid to slow down the reaction instantly because it is able to develop rapidly then turn into anaphylactic shock in minute. Aftermath, it may render you unconscious before you can access the emergency care.
Emergency cares is extremely necessary for you when anaphylaxis are threatening your life so call medical support as soon as possible. Even when an epinephrine self-injector could control the reaction at that time, medical emergency care is still in need as it possibly help you monitor your allergic reaction in case the recurrence.