Food, medications and insect stings are able to trigger a dangerous type of allergy which is known as Anaphylaxis. It begins with sudden symptoms and then progress rapidly, possibly posing a threat to your life. In order to remove the reaction of Anaphylaxis, administration of epinephrine (adrenaline) and emergent care in hospital will be strongly necessary. Your form of allergy will be further detected and you can avoid it and always be cautious with this form of reaction. So as to give yourself in-time treatment when the allergy recur, it is advised that you carry an epinephrine autoinjector
First Aid and Emergency Care
Acknowledging the outset of anaphylaxis including hives, swelling and wheezing could help you have an appropriate treatment in emergency condition which is able to save your life in second.
The best solution is to call 911
The best solution is to call 911 for an instant medical support. It is highly recommended when you use an epinephrine injector from the first onset of allergy before it turns to be acute because each second could be valuable to your life during anaphylaxis.
If you are bothering to save the person suffering from anaphylaxis, you must find their epinephrine autoinjector which is divided into two types- the EpiPen and the Auvi-Q firstly. In the case, you do not have an injector, epinephrine can be supplied by the emergency responders.
The following instruction illustrates detail how to use an EpiPen on a person who is incapacitated.
- Being aware of the direction of EpiPen carefully in order not to hold it backward then finally injecting into your own thumb (not person’s thigh).
- The device is put on the grey safe cap.
- It takes more than 10 seconds to hold the black end into the person’s thigh which can be better when injecting directly to the skin rather than clothing.
- There will be an exposed needle sticking out of the black end after the injection. Use care not to stick yourself. Discard it safely in a sharps container afterward (the emergency responders should have one).
- Another type is an Auvi-Q which is similar to the size of a credit card. The function of Auvi-Q is to use a voice system to supply step-by-step guidance so that user do not make the mistake and avoid unexpected accident.
There will be probably more than an injection from an autoinjection needed to cure the anaphylaxis. The amount of medicine taken should be provided again after five to 10 minutes or even sooner if the acute condition does not alleviate.
Neither Antihistamines mitigating hives and itching nor Asthma inhalers enhancing respiratory system can treat anaphylaxis productively. The only efficient medicine for that allergy is Epinephrine (adrenaline).
It is essential to let the person lie down and elevate the legs during the time waiting for ambulance because it assists delivering enough blood to the heart. If the victim have signs such as shortness of breaking or nausea, you should allow her to be in a comfortable position and guarantee the legs elevated as possible then evaluate her pulse and breathing regularly.
Detach the Allergen
As the allergic reaction is still active in the body as long as allergen exists so that the next step having to do is to relieve that out of the body. With the case of insect stings, you need to take the stinger away as soon as you can due to the steady progression of the reaction which is life-threatening. For topical allergen such as poison ivy or poison oak, washing the skin carefully could eliminate the poison. With the case of consumed food and drug, the best way is to stop taking the offending agent.
You need to admit to the hospital after finishing the first aid process to monitor, take some medicine to cure completely the anaphylaxis and possibly special treatment required. Moreover, oxygen, IV fluids, IV antihistamines, cortisone, and a beta-agonist such as albuterol play an important role in facilitating the breathing and removing the allergic response. This reaction may prevent you from breathing, in that case, an endotracheal tube (intubation) should be put into your mouth or nose and down your throat or an emergency surgical airway (cricothyroidotomy) through your neck to push air into the lung.
In case of the anaphylaxis recurs and the possibility of cardiac complications happens to people aging over 50 or who are diagnosed with cardiovascular ailment, you had better spend more time in hospital to observe your health condition.
There are some trouble when distinguish the signs of anaphylactic reaction because it have similar symptoms to some disease such as a severe asthma attack, panic attack, or heart attack. Thus, your history, medical exam and clinical course are required to assist the doctor determine which one is anaphylaxis or other types.
There will be a personalized anaphylaxis emergency action instructing you how to recognize the symptoms and handle it step-by-step before you check out the hospital.
Always remember to bring two autoinjectors (EpiPen or Auvi-Q) beside you all the times to tackle the anaphylaxis timely. With children, school and parents should always prepare an action plan to ensure they are under the control when suffering from anaphylaxis. Moreover, keeping an eye on medicine is vitally important, it will be usable if you preserve the injector in suitable temperature, far away the sunlight, keep in container and monitor frequently the color of solution to make sure it is not brown or crystallized or hazy.
Testing and Further Assessment
After an episode of anaphylaxis, you may experience several testing and evaluations with your blood and skin given by an allergist who is an expert in allergies and anaphylaxis to decide whether you truly have a reaction of allergy then find the appropriate method to preclude the return of anaphylaxis in the future. It is advised that you should use the antihistamines or corticosteroids as future treatments. But with person suffering from asthma, chronic pulmonary diseases, or heart disease which increase your risk of dying during anaphylaxis, it had better have their own doctor examine the health condition
To hinder the return of allergic reaction, you will be given suggestion with immunotherapy (allergy shots) which is only useful to eliminate insect sting allergies. Enrolling in five-year course immunotherapy for insect stings could protect you from future risk of an episode of anaphylaxis.
Although it is challenging to avoid some triggers such as certain food or drug, but mind that a holistic treatment plan cannot be done if you interact with allergens causing anaphylaxis.
Food: firstly detach the food causing the anaphylaxis from your diet, being aware of the origin and ingredients of the food is highly suggested and you need to be vigilant enough to ask about the preparation and makeup of foods away from home .
Insect stings: avoid interacting with insect or wear protective clothing such as shoes, long-sleeved clothes, hats and make sure not to drink the water in opened bottles, tanks outside.
Medicine: acknowledge the function and component of the drug to use properly. Moreover each medications are manufactured by several brands so that you should bother to delve into these clearly.
Responders are able to easily identify the potential anaphylactic reaction when you wear a medical identification bracelet then supply the proper and in-time care so you should take into account this thing..