Esophageal cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases in gastrointestinal cancer, after gastric cancer, liver cancer and colorectal cancer due to the diagnosis of the disease too late.
Disease manifestations are often difficult to identify at an early stage, often confused with other conditions in the esophagus and oropharynx. In fact, esophageal cancer symptoms only appear when malignant cells have spread the whole esophagus, treatment is difficult.
Symptoms of esophageal cancer
- Choking: The most common sign of esophageal cancer. At first swallowed vaguely, feeling of entanglement after sternum when eating solid food, after a while feeling clearly. Later drinking choking
- Some patients after a period of choking liquid food becomes edible, nearly choking. That is when the disease in the late stage, tumor necrosis in the esophagus, so the food passes through.
- Reflux: Food remains in the esophagus when the patient sleeps backwards. This phenomenon is the cause of persistent bronchitis caused by esophageal necrosis.
- Increased salivation: One of the manifestations of esophageal cancer is a much more secretive salivary which is unclear.
- Chirping or coughing for a long time.
- Unshakeable causes.
- Dark and dry skin.
- The face and hands with many prominent wrinkles are noticeable.
- When you have these symptoms, you need to go to the nearest clinic to check the health status and find out early to treat esophageal cancer in the most effective way.
The cause of esophageal cancer has not been clearly defined. Some factors affecting the external and intrinsic environment of the esophagus are considered to be related to cancer. To prevent esophageal cancer should avoid risk factors such as not smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, avoiding eating harmful foods.
Esophageal cancer usually occurs in people over 50, 80% of patients fall into the age of 55-85. The risk of esophageal cancer in men is higher than that of women, caused by alcohol abuse and smoking.
There are also other risks such as common diseases in obese people; people with esophageal diseases such as reflux esophagitis, mental illness do not relax; diet low in fiber and vegetables, lack of vitamins A, B2 and C; Food habits that contain nitrosamines such as bacon, vinegar …
Some other conditions that may be a prerequisite for developing esophageal cancer are: Barrett’s esophagus; cancer – almost; small bowel disease caused by gluten or disease beyond fat stools; keratosis
History of the disease: The patient has had other types of cancer in the head and neck area with a high risk of esophageal cancer.
Alcohol and tobacco: The majority of esophageal cancer patients are alcoholics and tobacco users. This also explains why esophageal cancer mainly occurs in men.
Gastroesophageal reflux: Gastroesophageal reflux is a quite common disease, especially in Southeast Asian countries. The disease is at an increased risk and dangerous due to its nature as a chronic disease, requiring long-term treatment. The disease easily leads to esophagitis, prolonged can cause narrowing of the esophagus.
You have to follow these rules so that you can prevent from caught esophageal cancer:
Eat and drink at the right time, limit your night meal: Stomach is an internal organ that enjoys working in a routine that adheres to a fixed “schedule”.
During a regular day of activity, the stomach also has a high intensity of activity and low points. Ff not on day 3 meals on time, it will be easy to lead to stomach acid and pepsin and without food to neutralizing them. Then the body will automatically digest itself of the gastric mucosa, causing the stomach lining to be damaged.
Ensure healthy eating: Try to eat fresh food, stay away from ready-to-eat foods, smoke and grill, eat too spicy foods, eat a few foods that help prevent cancer to prevent esophageal cancer like cereal Whole grains, green leafy vegetables.
Cancer of the esophagus is painful and difficult to treat, wanting to prevent disease must do 5 things well
Quit smoking, limit drinking: Smoke will easily go through the gastrointestinal tract and enter the stomach, directly stimulate the gastric mucosa, leading to bleeding of the mucosa or vasoconstriction, spasms, gastric ischemia will occur , symptoms of hypoxia. If this condition persists, it can easily cause stomach ulcers.
During a long period of drinking alcohol or some drinking alcohol, the consequences for the body are very terrible, not only will it destroy the stomach lining, block the stomach, bleed, edema, but also corrode and may even lead to sudden death.
Should rest properly to relax pressure: Because life is more and more stressful, when people are tired, the pressure is too much, easily leading to indigestion, stomach pain, ulcers …
If you are staying up all night for a long time, your body’s resistance will decrease, the disease will take this opportunity to attack your body, and the esophageal cancer will be similar.