The excess of blood glucose ( blood sugar ) is the feature of Diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus has three main types, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. All of these conditions are featured by high blood, and they can lead to symptoms of faitigue and increased unrinary frequency.
With regard to type 1 and type 2 diabetes, they can also produce long-term complications, together with the change of vision and the increased risk of heart diseases and stroke. During pregnancy and delivery, gestational diabetes can produce complications that is dangerous for mothers and children. In that situation, medical management (available for all types ) can reduce the symptons and the risk of complications.
Diabetes mellitus and the less common diabetes insipidus ( DI ) vary by frequent urination and excessive thirst.
Diabetes Mellitus and insulin
Insulin and glucose metabolism affect all three types of diabetes mellitus. Glucose, the body’s main energy source, is a component of carbohydrates. Insulin is a small organ in the abdomen and produced by the pancreas. The body can be stored and use glucose with the help of Insulin.
Blood glucose levels rise when insulin is not enough ( type 1 diabetes ), when the body doesn’t respond to insulin as normal ( type 2 diabetes )
To prevent complications, early diagnosis is very necessary. An elevated blood glucose and the presence of excess glucose in the urine are the main characters of Diabetes mellitus. Depending on the type of diabetes mellitus, we can have its own way of treatment.
Type 1 diabetes
When the pancreas stops or nearly stops pruding insulin is the time type 1 diabetes occurs. Insulin-dependent diabetes and juvenile diabetes are the other names of type 1 diabetes. It usally dvelops during childhood. Wetting the bed, feeling very sleepy and having impaired growth and learning are the symptoms of it. In some cases, because of an extreme rise in blood sugar, children can grow seizures or loss of consciousness. We can trigger the dianosis of type 1 diabetes with the subtle symptons or a medical emergency.
People don’t completely know the causes of type 1 diabetes. Family members usually have type 1 diabetes in recent years, so hereditary may be a component to the condition. But there is also some evidence show that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease when the body fights its own pancreatic cells. People also find out that virus may trigger this disease.
Taking daily insulin replacement ( by injection or with an insulin pump ) is necessary for people with type 1 diabetes. They should measure glucose blood several times a day and adjust the insulin based on the blood glucose level and the food intake at each meal.
Type 2 diabetes
When the body is unable to make effective use of insulin ( Insulin resistance ), people can get type 2 diabetes.
Adult is the main onset of type 2 diabetes. It also doesn’t depend on insulin. Most of people with type 2 diabetes have no symptons at all in the eary stages, but some people suffer the fatihue and increased urination. However, in later stages, some complications like vascular disease, heart attacks or strokes can be seen at people with type 2 diabetes.
A condition described as pre-diabetes or a condition called metabolic syndrome is often the precious condition of type 2 diabetes. Both of them are featured by elevated blood sugar, high body mass index or obesity, or high blood pressure, which shows that they have a great deal of overlap.
To prevent the development of type 2 diabetes, we can manage our weight and diet, which also can reserve pre-diabetes or metabolic syndrome. Medication, diet, positive lifestyle change ( like lose weight and excercise ) can treat people wiyh type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes can occur when you develop a high blood sugar during the time you are pregnant but have never been diagnosed with diabetes before. Your baby to growth and development issues can be predisposed when you have gestational diabetes. It can even complicate pregnancy and delivery. You need to monitor your blood sugar, your weight, your baby’s growth during pregnancy regularly to minimize complications.
The blood sugar of many women return to normal after the baby was born. However, some of them are not, they will turn into type 2 diabetes. Therefore, this is the reason you need to check your blood sugar regularly if you have a gestinational diabetes.
It can be seen that diabetes mellitus has become a reltively common problem. All types of diabetes mellitus require close and medical attention, well magagement to prevent the complications and decrease the risk of having diabetes mellitus.